The Dry Skin — Characteristics and Best Remedies
This article is dedicated to a common skin type: the Dry Skin type.
Many women suffer more from this skin type. If you are one of them — then keep reading this blog post. We want to help you find out what exactly you can do to get rid of the causes of dry skin.
What are the characteristics of dry skin?
Dry skin is usually accompanied by tension, reddened areas and itching and is more prone to scaling. The skin feels tired and looks dull.
Due to the low fat and moisture content, small, fine cracks and lines (also known as dryness lines) form, making the skin appear dull and lacklustre.
Heavily stressed, red, scaly areas of skin on the face, scalp and arms, elbows and shins could indicate serious skin diseases such as neurodermatitis or psoriasis.
These skin disorders require extra care and should be checked out by a doctor. Conventional face creams and body lotions should be avoided at all costs, as they often contain fragrances and possibly even harmful alcohol, ingredients that irritate the skin and deprive it of moisture and essential nutrients.
Particular case: psoriasis
Psoriasis is a non-contagious, chronic skin disease in which the skin’s immune system no longer functions properly.
What does that mean exactly? Whenever our skin is exposed to a stimulus, our body reacts according to the same principle: the skin tries to repair the damage and heal the inflamed area.
Psoriasis is a so-called autoimmune systemic disease, which means that the skin cells react differently to external stimuli: the skin cells divide far too quickly and make their way from the skin in a short time ,within a week lower to the process which takes place in the upper skin layer where this process typically takes about 3–4 weeks.
Due to the rapid multiplication of skin cells, these immature cells reach the skin’s surface in large numbers, which dries out the skin.
This dandruff can start to burn or itch badly, and many sufferers find it difficult not to scratch. Because this is exactly where the root of all evil lies buried: scratching the affected areas leads to minor injuries and cracks so that bacteria can enter the already weak skin structure in these areas even more quickly. The result is inflammation of the skin. Then the vicious circle starts again, to the suffering of those affected.
Particular case: Eczema or Dermatitis
Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is an inflammatory skin disease that can occur in many different forms and is not contagious.
Although all species have similar symptoms, they all have different characteristics. They all have severe itching, reddening, scaling, swelling, or pain in common.
The causes of the different types of eczema can vary greatly, from hereditary predisposition to skin exposure to irritants or allergies. It is, therefore, difficult, if not impossible, to diagnose the type of disease in a self-anamnesis.
Here, too, you should ideally not scratch. As with psoriasis, not only do the symptoms worsen, but the inflammation can also deteriorate significantly and, in the worst case, spread further.
These skin diseases need care tailored to their needs since the skin in the affected areas is quite sensitive, and incorrect care could make the situation even worse. There are creams to counteract psoriasis and eczema (e.g. neurodermatitis).
The creams contain colloidal oatmeal, which has been shown to help the skin rebuild its natural protective barrier and successfully reduce inflammation and itching.
Characteristics of dry skin on the face
Dry skin on the face usually feels uncomfortable and can also show up clearly on the outside: dry skin on the cheeks, redness under the nose and around the lips, and fine cracks and lines around the eyes. The external appearance of the skin appears pale and dull.
Dry facial skin suffers particularly severely in the colder months: cold, wind and dry heating air are all factors that deprive the skin of moisture. In cold temperatures, the blood vessels constrict, and as a result, essential nutrients are transported more slowly. The result: the skin tightens and itches more than before, redness increases, and you have to adapt the care to the circumstances.
However, the same applies to the summer months: although vitamin D is essential for the skin (and our mood), you should not stay in the sun for too long and, above all, apply sufficient sun protection. Too much sun also robs the skin of moisture, and sunburn damages the top layer of skin, leaving the lower layers of skin with insufficient protection.
Features and properties of dry skin on the body
We all know the feeling: a mild to severe itching on the shins, dry arms and legs, particularly dry knees and elbows. This can be exacerbated by tight-fitting clothing, as the skin has little room to breathe.
It is also important to use rich products that strengthen the skin barrier on the body again. Good care for the body cannot eliminate the causes, but it can significantly contribute to the fact that the skin is no longer tense, and dry patches are a thing of the past.
Some of the body butter you can find in our online store is enriched with avocado oil, provides intensive care and prevents dry skin. Avocado oil is rich in vitamin A (also called retinol) and vitamin E , and can therefore perfectly support the skin in its daily tasks.
What Causes Dry Skin?
In addition to predisposition and genetics, causes of dry skin are also the natural ageing process or external environmental influences, which lead to an imbalance in sebum production and thus affect the skin’s natural functioning as a protective barrier.
As a result, the skin’s surface becomes more permeable so that moisture can escape more quickly and pollutants can penetrate the skin more efficiently, which means that the skin’s natural fat and moisture regulation is disrupted.
It is also important whether the skin is low in fat (i.e. produces too little sebum) or lacks moisture (i.e. does not have enough water or is unable to bind and store it properly).
To find out, you should consider having a professional skin analysis carried out to find out the causes of the lack of fat or moisture. Because even oily skin or combination skin can be dehydrated, which is also one of the reasons why skin types are sometimes difficult to distinguish from one another.
External factors such as environmental pollution (e.g. fine dust or severe air pollution), cold, dry air, tiredness, and psychological stress can cause the skin to lose moisture and the skin barrier to be destroyed.
Although water plays a crucial role in moisturizing the skin — too much water from the outside can damage our skin barrier. Daily showering removes the body’s protective film, and hard water contributes more to drying out the skin. If you tend to have dry skin, you should also not shower too hot — less is more!
Is dry skin a Disaster?
Dry skin is healthy to a certain extent, so don’t worry. However, as mentioned above, if areas of your body are red, extremely scaly, and itchy, maybe even burning, you should see a dermatologist get clarity and prevent severe inflammation.
What helps with dry skin?
To counteract dry skin, you should concentrate on the causes. Depending on the reason, you can use different options to get dry skin under control again.
Rich skincare (enriched, for example, with urea, the skin’s natural moisturizing factor, or shea butter, which is particularly gentle on the skin), a balanced diet and good sleep are vital to bringing the skin’s moisture content back into shape.
Which care products should you use for dry skin?
You should primarily use oily or moisturizing care products if you have dry skin. Especially in the winter months, it is essential to take this to heart, which means: Before you leave the house, you should apply a heavy cream, as soon as you are back inside in the evening, a moisturizing cream.
The reason for this is that moisturizing creams are often enriched with water. At temperatures near and below freezing, this can cause the cream to freeze to the top layer of the skin, causing the small blood vessels in the skin to burst. At temperatures below eight degrees, the sebaceous glands also stop producing sebum (tallow).
Ingredients of the Cosmetics for Dry Skin
Urea, also known as carbamide is a real all-rounder for dry skin. Because urea is the skin’s natural moisturizing factor and helps the skin, much like hyaluronic acid, bind moisture and regulate it in the skin. In dermatology, urea has long been an indispensable component.
Hyaluronic acid is probably the best-known moisturizing ingredient on the market. Our body also produces hyaluronic acid, but production decreases steadily with age. The result: our skin loses moisture and elasticity. You can find this active ingredient in many creams and, in a highly concentrated form, also in serums.
The perfect product for dehydrated skin is moisturizing facial serums with CBD and hyaluronic acid. These cosmetic products give dry skin the moisture it needs and has a pleasant cooling effect.
The innovative formula stimulates the body’s hyaluronic production and thus counteracts moisture loss. A serum is perfect for applying to the skin in the morning and evening after cleansing and patting in gently.
Day and Night Creams against the Dry Skin
The battle against the dry skin can be difficult, but there are suitable cosmetic products for day and night use that will really help you.
It would be best to use a day cream in the morning since a serum will most likely not provide enough moisture throughout the day for dehydrated skin.
The best option is moisturizing day creams enriched with hyaluronic acid, aloe vera and vitamin C, which protects the collagen framework from damage caused by free radicals and slows down skin ageing.
How easy is it for you to take vitamin C every day and thus optimally support your skin? Read on!
But you shouldn’t neglect your skin at night either. Important regeneration processes occur in the skin at night, ensuring that we wake up fresh and radiant the next day.
The regenerating night creams with vitamin E and small amounts of retinol ideally help the skin in these processes.
You wake up in the morning with a more radiant, firmer complexion and can start the day ideally! Argan oil rounds off the skin’s feel-good experience and provides a pleasant scent. And why vitamin E and retinol should be an essential part of your care below.
Sometimes serums, day and night cream are not enough? We know that too well. There is a massive selection of face and masks for dry skin in every drugstore.
Body and Facial masks are intended to refine and detoxify the skin.
But dry skin is also often sensitive, and the ingredients in the various products are too opaque to be sure there aren’t hidden chemicals that would only further aggravate dry skin.
But don’t worry, making a mask yourself is child’s play and doesn’t require a lot of money or work! To save you from searching for a DIY mask, below are two recipes your dry skin will love!
All foods you should eat more of if dry skin can also be applied externally as a mask.
Rich mask for a Dry Skin
Take half an avocado and mix it with 1 tbsp honey, 1 tbsp cottage cheese and a squeeze of lemon juice in a small bowl and then apply it to your face.
The unsaturated fatty acids of avocado and the soothing properties of honey and curd are the perfect combination for a rich mask. The lemon also provides great freshness and has an antibacterial effect.
Moisturizing mask for a Dry Skin
Mix 2 tablespoons of yoghurt with one tablespoon of lemon juice in a bowl and add a grated cucumber. Mix the ingredients until you get a uniform mass.
Very important: The cucumber should never be peeled, as essential vitamins are contained directly under the peel.
The combination of yoghurt and cucumber (which consists of 96% water) gives your dry skin the ultimate moisture boost!
What do I have to consider when it comes to my diet?
The top priority: drink lots of water! You should consume between two and four litres a day to counteract the causes of dry skin.
Moisture should be supplied to the body and skin from the outside in the form of care products and above all from the inside.
Water helps maintain all vital functions (especially the work of all organs). As the largest organ, the skin is, of course, one of them.
But vitamins, vegetable oils and unsaturated fatty acids should not be missing in a balanced diet to combat dry skin. Below you will find some tips we have put together to make it easier to find the right food.
Oils and Fats
Natural oils and unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids fill up the skin’s lipid stores and thus stabilize the cell membranes.
Examples are canola and olive oil, nuts (which also contain essential vitamins), salmon, avocado, and superfood chia seeds.
Vitamins are another essential part of the diet that counteracts dry skin. You can make sure that food has a high beta-carotin content, a precursor of vitamin A. It is mainly found in carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach and kale.
Vitamin B7 (better known as biotin) is also essential for beautiful hair, nails and, above all, skin. Many people who suffer from hair loss have very brittle nails, and dry skin often suffers from a biotin deficiency. Biotin is found, for example, in egg yolks, oatmeal, yeast and nuts.
As mentioned above, vitamin C is a natural antioxidant that protects the skin from free radicals. It contributes to the skin breaking down less quickly and more elastic.
Cabbage vegetables and citrus fruits are particularly rich in vitamin C and should be on the menu once a day! For example, you can squeeze a lemon into a glass of still water in the morning and drink it on an empty stomach.
You kill two birds with one stone: You fill up your moisture stores and take a portion of vitamin C directly, which gives you an exhilarating start to the day.
Vitamin E counts as a cell protection vitamin because it can actively ward off free radicals. Some studies have shown that vitamin E can repair dry and damaged skin and give it more elasticity. In addition, vitamin E smoothes fine lines, increases the skin’s resistance, slows down the skin’s ageing process and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
As you can see, vitamin E is a real all-rounder! It is mainly found in vegetable oils, but small amounts are also found in nuts.
It would help if you instead kept your hands off the salt.
Salt — for many, an absolute must with every meal! Salt is perfect for health in small amounts, and we need this vital mineral. More salt means you need to drink more fluids, as excess salt in the body can cause vasoconstriction.
This also affects our skin: due to the loss of fluid and the constriction of the blood vessels, nutrients can no longer be released into the skin, and our skin loses its elasticity and moisture.
A conclusion: Too much salt causes our skin to dry out.
It would be best if you also avoided the so-called trans fats. These arise during industrial manufacturing processes and are suspected to increase blood lipid levels and lead to vasoconstriction.
Unfortunately, these are not always directly visible on the packaging, but all alarm bells should ring for you if you read “vegetable fat” or “hydrogenated fats” on products.
What is my body lacking if I have dry skin?
As mentioned above, water plays a crucial role in dry skin. Rule number one is . Maybe your body is dehydrated, making your skin appear dry.
A balanced diet is a key to beautiful skin. Especially if you have dry, sensitive skin, you should make sure that you eat a balanced diet, i.e. fresh fruit and vegetables, healthy fats and oils, and avoid foods with high sugar or trans fat content.
A lack of zinc can also cause your skin to be drier. Since zinc plays a vital role within our immune system, a deficiency can slow skin renewal and a vulnerable, protective barrier.
You can find zinc in all common types of grain, or you can use a dietary supplement that you can easily buy in the drugstore.
As you can see, dry skin can have very different causes and come in various forms. Care tailored to the skin type and a balanced diet are the keys to success, and you will notice enormous changes after a short time.
Check the online store of the Black Friday brand and the latest selection of cosmetics designed for.
Originally published at https://blackfridaybrand.com on March 11, 2022.